Start Submission Become a Reviewer

Reading: Glycaemic Status On Admission In Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome

Download

A- A+
dyslexia friendly

Research Papers

Glycaemic Status On Admission In Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome

Authors:

J. Indrakumar ,

University of Sri Jayawardanepura, LK
X close

M.G.C.P. Marasinghe

University of Sri Jayawardanepura
X close

Abstract

Introduction: In patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), hyperglycemia is a predictor of immediate and long-term cardiovascular mortality. Abnormal glucose regulation is present in the majority of these patients and is unrecognized in up to half of the cases. The objective of this study was to assess the glycaemic status of patients on admission with ACS.

Methodology: Patients presenting with chest pain and falling into one of the acute coronary syndromes (STEMI, NSTEMI, and UA) were allocated in to two groups based on past history of Diabetes. Diagnosed Diabetic patients who were not on treatment were excluded from the study. Admission RBS and next day FBS were recorded in all patients.

Results: 102 patients were enrolled for the study. Mean admission random blood sugar(RBS) and fasting blood sugar(FBS) of diabetic patients who were on treatment were significantly higher (308, 203 mg/dl) than that of patients without a past history of Diabetes (135, 111 mg/dl) P < 0.001. Out of the patients with diabetes, 88% had a RBS more than 140mg/dl and 59% had more than 200 mg/dl on admission. Patients without past history of Diabetes, these values were 32% and 5% respectively. 45% of patients without past history of Diabetes had impaired FBS values (100 - 126 mg/dl) and 17% had a FBS value more than 126 mg/dl. The blood glucose values (RBS and FBS) of each of the three types of ACSs (STEMI, NSTEMI, UA) did not show a significant difference among them.

Conclusions: Hyperglycaemia is a major problem in our patients with and without a past history of diabetes when they present with ACS. Therefore prompt attention is necessary on blood glucose control in all patients, irrespective of the past status of diabetes. It is important to follow up the  patients with abnormal blood glucose values and without a past history of diabetes , to detect the development of Diabetes.

Keywords: acute coronary syndrome; glycaemic control; hyperglycaemia

Citation: Indrakumar J, Marasinghe MCGP. Glycaemic Status On Admission In Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome. Sri Lanka Journal of Critical Care 2009;1:25-28

DOI: 10.4038/sljcc.v1i1.939

DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljcc.v1i1.939
How to Cite: Indrakumar, J. & Marasinghe, M.G.C.P., (2009). Glycaemic Status On Admission In Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome. Sri Lanka Journal of Critical Care. 1(1), pp.25–28. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljcc.v1i1.939
1517
Views
2206
Downloads
Published on 11 Aug 2009.
Peer Reviewed

Downloads

  • PDF (EN)

    comments powered by Disqus